The National Federation of Irrigation Water User's Association, Nepal (NFIWUAN) is an independent, non-partisan organization. Founded in 1997, with the initiative of irrigation water user's association, for safeguarding the irrigation water user's rights, and achieving their mutual objectives. The federation has its 74-district chapter, 2900 over user's group and millions of irrigation farmers as unique water user's federation. It has been working in close relationship with the government, NGO's, (I) NGOs and other stakeholders, to meet common the objectives with the view of the conservation and utilization of water resources, and to ensure the right to adequate food or food sovereignty of thee people in Nepal. Established under thee institution registration act 2034 BS, in 1999 NFIWUAN was registered at the district administration office of the Kathmandu (Reg. No.91/1999-2000) and affiliated with social welfare council (affix No…) NFIWUAN believes right based approach and result-oriented work for community development, poverty reduction and positive change.
NFIWUAN believes that we can eradicate poverty through Farmer's active and strength participations, and given the absolute right to users upon the natural resources.
NFIWUAN recognized that poverty as the social, political and economic situation in which farmers are not secured of their basic livelihood and seemliness due to the lack of right to use over and manage the basic productive resources distressing their lives.
The vision of the federation is to value of thee works; users' absolute right upon the resources, and producer's sovereignty upon the food product through which we can strengthen the capacity of the irrigation water user's committee within the community from the local level to national level.
The mission of NFIWUAN is to reduce poverty, Upliftment of peasant's life standard, to move up nation's economy through the process of empowerment of the irrigation water user's, and inclusiveness most marginalized women, dalit, janajati, and madeshi. To make possible for the poor people to gain equal access on natural (land, forest, and water) resources.
NFIWUAN striving "People's right of development" and social security through lobbing, advocating, campaigning and various capacity building, awareness raising, skill development or income generating program and other development activities to the rural deprived populace.
The goal of NFIWUAN is to associate the irrigation water user's groups, association's and farmers managed irrigation system existing in the country through inclusive mass participation and involving them in decision-making process for progress and self-dependency.
NFIWUAN is an organized institution of the farmers, which have been playing very important role in social and economical progress of the nation. It has extended its role to obtained agricultural facilities to the farmers & their empowerment development for sustainable development by making the polices according to the suggestion from the consumers and applying it for the development of targeted communities. It has also continued its role for proper use of the water heritage & Proper preservation of present irrigation facilities & in the research of possible resources & their development. it is established in 2055B.S. is scattered among the 2200users groups & 68 district committee.
52 years of planed development has been passed in Nepal & different models of development wear the treated in this period. the irrigation sector which is regarded as the main base of agriculture products of this rich country in water resources has not been ousted from the boundary of that different models. this irrigation sector which has spender it's 52 years of the development process as donation from out along with specialist's is depended in own skill labor & strength this is for that Different cannels has been used for irrigation before the concept of modern development & hypothesis of development in external resources.
the farmer which have been regarded as the backbone in economic development of the nation are the dispute Len owners of the water. in anthropology it has been mentioned that "No other's participant in the agreement of water dispute" and it proved hat user's can handled in the issues about irrigation that is beyond from government.
the irrigation system had been condoling in the favor of landlords during the period of prithivi Narayan shah later this system which were started with identifying the requirement by the state totally discouraged the enthusiasm & falling of owner among the people . the irrigation system that was identified by the government constructed by the foreigner & used by the farmer with paying brought some miner positive changes . Although couldn't satisfied to the people so that new innovations has been implementing in irrigation sector.
Generally it can't be said not good to the attempts of the development. Now the right basis participation" would be sustainable in development & this example has been standing as established reality among us.
Nepal is the rich country in Natural heritage & resources. More than 80% people are depended in agriculture in here but it is regret to say that 80% people contribute in 40% production of the total production.
255 billion m2 water is obtained in our country but only 15 billion is used. in other side 1.6 lakhhs hector lands were provided the irrigation service. although there is 2.4 lakhs hector lands which are suitable for agriculture.
Most of the agriculture land is still beyond from the proper management of irrigation. So that it is obligation for Nepal to import the food. There is the close relation between the populations which is increasing nauseously with limited permit productivity of the lord. in to the context of Nepal, irrigation is the foundation of the agriculture but this country in water resources is back warded in irrigation plant in the comparison of other countries every year the nation shows the investment of billion money upon irrigation sector but only limited result has been reached among the poor farmer.2/3 of agriculture land are still beyond from the irrigation service.
it has found that 66 billions money has been invested in irrigation development from 1st to 9th five year plan in government level Rs.8,76,661 h. lands are provided the irrigation service & 60 billions were invested (10th fifth plan year) it shows 74 thousend investment per hector. But it we see the production growth it was growth it was 1.83 ton/hector in 1957 A.D. & reached in 1.99 ton/hector in 2002 A.D.
Out of irrigation-8,74000H
Irrigation area from government investment-8,61785H
Farmer managed agriculture area- 2,88,399H
Irrigated whole area-5,82,780H
Achieve water-225 billion m2
Use of water-15 billion m2
Food stuff production from agriculture from irrigated land -33lakh ton (2003)
Total food stuff -72 lakh ton
Present condition of agriculture facility – below the 30%
(Resource-statistic development 2002)
In 1957 the total population of the country was 94 lakh & 28 lakh40 thousand m.t. crops were produced in 14 lakh hector land. Hector land. The population was increased in about 235 million in 2002 & 74 lakh 40 thousand m.t. crops were produced in 26 lakh 4n0 thousand hector land.
It is guess that the total population of the nation will be reached in 380 lakh & it shows the requirement of 120 lakhs metric ton foodstuff for that population.
it is clear that the issue of food security will be come as prime problem of the nation in following year & we have no other alternatives except modern agriculture system & systematic irrigation system on users ownership to solve that problem.
In the world wide observation of food security condition it has been realized that agriculture & poverty afflicted country is the chief measurement to provide the realization of food security. the topic water, forest& lands are related with farmers. The nation would not be developed unless different programme on users ownership wouldn't be launched with participatory management and mobilization of them and developing the capacity and access of real user farmers.
Irrigation Policy Issues.
If we have to say in policy level, the policies of government is seemed as the outlines of the dream with proper decisions. Let's see the objectives of Irrigation policy 2060.
It is positive as pect to be good at policy. but there is lack in commitment to be applied in behaviour.However were committed they were not implemented in irrigation sector.It is said that the institutional development of users but the registaration process of different institutions and groups of farmers is as complex as established with the purpose of profit.It is sogovernence to renew and register the constitution themselves and there is n o s imilarity in the registration place.People are still in confusion about that in where it can be registered for legal value.There is no encouragement for the user to be organized.